[233] Vehicle traffic is extremely congested in urban areas, exacerbated by limited space to expand roads and an increasing number of vehicles. Hong Kong - Capitale dello shopping Hong Kong - attira il maggior numero di turisti rispetto a tutte le altre città al mondo, poiché è la capitale dello shopping dell’Asia nonché la città più costosa della Cina. The four wans are Sai Wan ("West Ring" in Chinese, present-day Sai Wan, including Kennedy Town, Shek Tong Tsui, and Sai Ying Pun), Sheung Wan ("Upper Ring" in Chinese, present-day Sheung Wan), Choong Wan or Chung Wan ("Central Ring" in Chinese, present-day Central) and Ha Wan ("Lower Ring" in Chinese, present-day Wan Chai). It occupies the areas known in modern times as Central, Admiralty, Sheung Wan, Wan Chai, East Point, Shek Tong Tsui, the Mid-levels, the Peak, Happy Valley, Tin Hau, and Kennedy Town, on Hong Kong Island. [46] The region was consolidated under the Nanyue kingdom (a predecessor state of Vietnam) after the Qin collapse[47] and recaptured by China after the Han conquest. A tech-focused fund. [195] Despite government efforts to reduce the growing disparity,[196] median income for the top 10 per cent of earners is 44 times that of the bottom 10 per cent. No longer part of the Commonwealth of Nations, the city's last appearance in the latter was in 1994. The claim is based on an archaeological investigation in Wong Tei Tung, Sai Kung in 2003. The Kangxi Emperor lifted the prohibition, allowing foreigners to enter Chinese ports in 1684. These were especially prolific during the immediate post-war period, when many were rapidly built to house large numbers of Chinese migrants. With over 7.5 million residents of various nationalities[d] in a 1,104-square-kilometre (426 sq mi) territory, Hong Kong is one of the most densely populated places in the world. [28][29], Hong Kong is a highly developed territory and ranks fourth on the UN Human Development Index. [226], The Mass Transit Railway (MTR) is an extensive passenger rail network, connecting 93 metro stations throughout the territory. [290], Education in Hong Kong is largely modelled after that of the United Kingdom, particularly the English system. These advise the government on local issues such as public facility provisioning, community programme maintenance, cultural promotion, and environmental policy. The city-state’s estimated population was 7.5 million residents as of July 2020. [99] Its judicial system is based on common law, continuing the legal tradition established during British rule. Attualmente, Hong Kong è la città più influente del sud-est Asiatico.Inoltre, è considerata una delle regioni con maggior densità di popolazione di tutto il pianeta, visto che ha oltre 7 milioni di abitanti in soli 1000 chilometri quadrati. [177] The Ping Shan Heritage Trail has architectural examples of several imperial Chinese dynasties, including the Tsui Sing Lau Pagoda (Hong Kong's only remaining pagoda). Over 100 airlines operate flights from the airport, including locally based Cathay Pacific (flag carrier), Hong Kong Airlines, low-cost airline HK Express and cargo airline Air Hong Kong. "Sai Wan", "Sheung Wan" and "Choong Wan" retain the same name in Chinese today. [61], The colony was further expanded in 1898 when Britain obtained a 99-year lease of the New Territories. [207], Although the territory had one of Asia's largest manufacturing economies during the latter half of the colonial era, Hong Kong's economy is now dominated by the service sector. [219] Hong Kong is a gateway for foreign direct investment in China, giving investors open access to mainland Chinese markets through direct links with the Shanghai and Shenzhen stock exchanges. The 30 limited electorate functional constituencies fill their seats using first-past-the-post or instant-runoff voting. The overwhelming majority (92 per cent) is Han Chinese,[6] most of whom are Taishanese, Teochew, Hakka, and a number of other Cantonese peoples. [189] Followers of other religions, including Sikhism, Hinduism, Judaism, and the Baháʼí Faith, generally originate from regions where their religion predominates. Local versions of Western food are served at cha chaan teng (fast, casual restaurants). Although City of Victoria is not the largest city in Hong Kong, it Houses the government buildings. There are a total of 479 district council seats, 452 of which are directly elected. [238] It is the eighth-busiest airport by passenger traffic,[239] and handles the most air-cargo traffic in the world. [17] By the end of this war, Hong Kong had evolved from a transient colonial outpost into a major entrepôt. 1299 and extending southwards a distance of 850 feet from the aforesaid angle; On the south – A line running due east from the southern extremity of the western boundary until it meets a contour in the vicinity of the Hill above Belchers 700 feet above principal datum, that is to say, a level 17.833 feet below the bench-mark known as "Rifleman's Bolt", the highest point of a copper bolt set horizontally in the east wall of the Royal Navy Office and Mess Block Naval Dockyard, and thence following the said contour until it meets the eastern boundary; On the east – A line following the west side of the Government Pier, Bay View and thence along the west side of Hing Fat Street, then along the north side of Causeway Road to Moreton Terrace. Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港, Cantonese: [hœ́ːŋ.kɔ̌ːŋ] (listen)), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (HKSAR), is a metropolitan area and special administrative region of the People's Republic of China on the eastern Pearl River Delta of the South China Sea. The city boundaries are defined in the laws of Hong Kong as follows:[1], In 1903, the Hong Kong Government erected seven boundary stones for the city, inscribed "City Boundary 1903" at Hatton Road, Pok Fu Lam Road, Bowen Road, Old Peak Road (舊山頂道), Wong Nai Chung Road, Victoria Road/Sai Ning Street (西寧街) and Magazine Gap Road. Elle a avou leye ene sitindêye di 1.104 km 2,la k' i gn a 7 miyons di dmorants (ene des pus grande dinsité d' djins å monde).On lzès lomreut voltî e walon: Honconkî, Honconcresse. Products from mainland China account for about 40 per cent of that traffic. Similarly, the Chief Executive is selected by establishment politicians and corporate members of the Election Committee rather than directly elected. [91] The Sino-British Joint Declaration provided for economic and administrative continuity through the transfer of sovereignty,[75] resulting in an executive-led governing system largely inherited from the territory's history as a British colony. Dishes include congee, cha siu bao, siu yuk, egg tarts, and mango pudding. The stones spread from Causeway Bay to Kennedy Town. [296] Mandatory education has contributed to an adult literacy rate of 95.7 per cent. [32] The Octopus card, a contactless smart payment card, is widely accepted on railways, buses and ferries, and can be used for payment in most retail stores. [123] Hong Kong residents are not required to perform military service and current law has no provision for local enlistment, so its defence is composed entirely of non-Hongkongers. [310] Several international publications have regional operations in Hong Kong, including The Wall Street Journal, The Financial Times, The New York Times International Edition, USA Today, Yomiuri Shimbun, and The Nikkei. [143][144][145][146], The Joint Declaration guarantees the Basic Law for 50 years after the transfer of sovereignty. [309], Hong Kong's major English-language newspaper is the South China Morning Post, with The Standard serving as a business-oriented alternative. [237] The Hong Kong–Zhuhai–Macau Bridge provides a direct route to the western side of the Pearl River estuary. [70] With a rapidly increasing population, the colonial government began reforms to improve infrastructure and public services. Dispu k' elle a stî rmetowe al Chine, elle a on statut di «redjon a pårt». ". [298][299], Comprehensive schools fall under three categories: public schools, which are government-run; subsidised schools, including government aid-and-grant schools; and private schools, often those run by religious organisations and that base admissions on academic merit. [22][23] Hong Kong has a major capitalist service economy characterised by low taxation and free trade, and its currency, the Hong Kong dollar, is the eighth most traded currency in the world. Typhoons occur most often then, sometimes resulting in floods or landslides. [109] Hong Kong is represented in the National People's Congress by 36 deputies chosen through an electoral college, and 203 delegates in the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference appointed by the central government. Aberdeen was an initial point of contact between British sailors and local fishermen. Present-day Central is at the heart of Victoria City. [55] Qing authorities established the Canton System in 1757 to regulate trade more strictly, restricting non-Russian ships to the port of Canton. L'osservanza rigorosa delle regole del traffico, l'assenza di segnali sonori, il design colorato delle strade suggeriscono involontariamente: "Hong Kong è la capitale di quale paese? [84] Discrepancies in the electoral registry and disqualification of elected legislators after the 2016 Legislative Council elections[85][86][87] and enforcement of national law in the West Kowloon high-speed railway station raised further concerns about the region's autonomy. They were charged with contempt and interfering with members of the council, while none of the pro-Beijing lawmakers were detained. Capitale Wine, Hong Kong, Hong Kong. [192], Income inequality has risen since the transfer of sovereignty, as the region's ageing population has gradually added to the number of nonworking people. [194] The city has the most billionaires per capita, with one billionaire per 109,657 people. [171][172], Demand for new construction has contributed to frequent demolition of older buildings, freeing space for modern high-rises. At the height of the local movie industry in the early 1990s, over 400 films were produced each year; since then, industry momentum shifted to mainland China. [4] It was initially named Queenstown but was soon known as Victoria. And how should we best guess crowd size? During the 1980s, films such as A Better Tomorrow, As Tears Go By, and Zu Warriors from the Magic Mountain expanded global interest beyond martial arts films; locally made gangster films, romantic dramas, and supernatural fantasies became popular. The Qing were again defeated and forced to give up Kowloon Peninsula and Stonecutters Island in the Convention of Peking. [179] Examples include Lui Seng Chun, the Blue House in Wan Chai, and the Shanghai Street shophouses in Mong Kok. [311], Three free-to-air television broadcasters operate in the territory; TVB, HKTVE, and Hong Kong Open TV air three analogue and eight digital channels. [20][e], Originally a sparsely populated area of farming and fishing villages,[16] the territory has become one of the world's most significant financial centres and commercial ports. [37] Sir John Davis (the second colonial governor) offered an alternative origin; Davis said that the name derived from "Hoong-keang" ("red torrent"), reflecting the colour of soil over which a waterfall on the island flowed. [224][225], Hong Kong has a highly developed, sophisticated transport network. [106] All popularly elected members are chosen by proportional representation. [282] The publicly funded Hong Kong Philharmonic Orchestra, the territory's oldest professional symphony orchestra, frequently host musicians and conductors from overseas. [242] Ferries also serve outlying islands inaccessible by other means. [88] In June 2019, mass protests erupted in response to a proposed extradition amendment bill permitting extradition of fugitives to mainland China. [277] Local media featured songs by artists such as Sam Hui, Anita Mui, Leslie Cheung, and Alan Tam; during the 1980s, exported films and shows exposed Cantopop to a global audience. [121] Although the Chairman of the Central Military Commission is supreme commander of the armed forces,[122] the regional government may request assistance from the garrison. ", "All aboard: Hong Kong bullet train signals high-speed integration with China", "Ingenious Flipper Bridge Melds Left-Side Drivers With Right-Side Drivers", "China makes its military more visible in Hong Kong", "Racism is rife in Hong Kong and the Equal Opportunities Commission is a toothless hamster to tackle it", "These Are the Cities With the Most Ultra-Rich People", "Going up! [33][34][37] "Fragrant" may refer to the sweet taste of the harbour's freshwater influx from the Pearl River or to the odour from incense factories lining the coast of northern Kowloon. Post-handover administrations continued and expanded these programmes, including export-credit guarantees, a compulsory pension scheme, a minimum wage, anti-discrimination laws, and a state mortgage backer. [170] Other distinctive buildings lining the Hong Kong Island skyline include the HSBC Main Building, the anemometer-topped triangular Central Plaza, the circular Hopewell Centre, and the sharp-edged Bank of China Tower. [5] It was one of the first urban settlements in Hong Kong and its boundaries are recorded in the Laws of Hong Kong. [12] The Hong Kong Stock Exchange is the seventh-largest in the world, with a market capitalisation of HK$30.4 trillion (US$3.87 trillion) as of December 2018[update]. All remain, except for the one in Magazine Gap Road, which disappeared around mid-June 2007. [203] The city's location allowed it to establish a transportation and logistics infrastructure which includes the world's seventh-busiest container port[204] and the busiest airport for international cargo. 4. The central government has a print-media presence in the territory through the state-owned Ta Kung Pao and Wen Wei Po. Settlers from nearby provinces migrated to Kowloon throughout the Ming dynasty. A Hong Kong, un ménage sur dix est millionnaire et les ultra riches se comptent par centaines. [281], Western classical music has historically had a strong presence in Hong Kong, and remains a large part of local musical education. Conditions on the island improved during the Taiping Rebellion in the 1850s, when many Chinese refugees, including wealthy merchants, fled mainland turbulence and settled in the colony. Rice is the staple food, and is usually served plain with other dishes. Prices for Hong Kong's famous Peak Tram to increase for second time in less than two years", "Let Hongkongers serve in China's People's Liberation Army, says top military official", "A case for inclusion: Carrie Lam pledges to tout list of 16 ethnic minority Hongkongers for government advisory positions", "Once the World's Greatest Port, Hong Kong Sinks in Global Ranking", "As Hong Kong goes to the polls, why isn't the Communist Party on the ballot?